DREYFUS

DREYFUS, family of bankers originating from Sierentz in Alsace. ISAAC DREYFUS (1786–1845) founded the firm Isaac Dreyfus, Soehne, Basle, with his sons as partners, as one of the few Jews the city magistrate allowed to settle within the walls (1813). His son SAMUEL (1820–1905), who remained with the firm, was president of the Basle Jewish community (1865–96) and founder of the Jewish orphanage and old-age home. A second son, JACQUES (1826–1890), moved to Frankfurt where he established the Dreyfus-Jeidels bank in 1868, which became J. Dreyfus and Co. in 1890, to which a Berlin branch was added in 1891. His son ISAAC (1849–1909) and grandson WILLY (1885–?) developed the bank into one of the largest investment banks in Germany, but the Nazis forced it into liquidation in 1937. Samuel Dreyfus was succeeded by his son JULES DREYFUS-BRODSKY (1859–1941) and his nephew ISAAC DREYFUS-STRAUSS (1852–1936). The family banking tradition was further maintained by Jules's son PAUL (1895–1967), who considerably expanded the firm's activities. Members of the Dreyfus family worked for the Jewish community. In Switzerland, Jules was president of the Swiss Union of Jewish Communities (1914–36) and of the community of Basel (1906–36) and Paul, who was a founder of ort in Switzerland, campaigned for the admission of Jewish refugees from Germany during World War II. In Germany Jacques, Isaac, and Willy Dreyfus were all active in communal affairs. Katjy Guth, née Dreyfus, was the director of the Jewish Museum of Switzerland in Basel (est. 1968). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R.M. Heilbronn, Das Bankhaus J. Dreyfus & Co. (1962). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Haumann, Acht Jahrhunderte Juden in Basel. 200 Jahre Israelitische Gemeinde Basel (2005). (Hanns G. Reissner / Uri Kaufmann (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dreyfus — (Yiddish: דרײפֿוס) Family name Region of origin a surname of habitational origin originating in the German city of Trier Footnotes: [1] …   Wikipedia

  • Dreyfus — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Dreyfus (1859–1935), französischer Hauptmann im französischen Generalstab, das Opfer der Dreyfus Affäre Ferdinand Camille Dreyfus (1851–1915), französischer Journalist und Politiker Francis Dreyfus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DREYFUS (P.) — Pierre DREYFUS 1907 1994 “Industriel d’État”, tel est sans doute le titre qui résume le mieux le long parcours de Pierre Dreyfus, qui aura passé sa vie au confluent de la politique et de l’industrie. Par tradition familiale, il a été frotté à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dreyfus — (Alfred) (1859 1935) capitaine français. En déc. 1894, il fut condamné au bagne (en Guyane, île du Diable) pour espionnage au profit de l Allemagne. En 1896, le commandant Picquart accusa le commandant Esterhazy, qui fut acquitté. La famille… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dreyfus — Dreyfus, 1) Abraham, franz. Bühnendichter, geb. 20. Juni 1847 in Paris, zeichnet sich durch eine liebenswürdig humoristische Ader aus, die sich sowohl in seinen Beiträgen für Blätter und Zeitschriften als in seinen Theaterstücken, größtenteils… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dreyfus — Dreyfus, Alfred, franz. Artilleriehauptmann, geb. 9. Okt. 1859 in Mülhausen i.E., Dez. 1894 wegen Verrats militär. Geheimnisse zu Degradation und lebenslänglicher Deportation (Cayenne, Teufelsinsel) verurteilt. Die Revision seines Prozesses (Aug …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dreyfus — Dreyfus, Alfred …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dreyfus — Dreyfus, Dreyfuss Surtout porté en Alsace, c est un nom juif (variantes Dreifous, Dreifus, Dreifuss, Dreyfous) sur lequel les interprétations varient. Chacun est d accord pour dire qu il désigne celui qui est originaire d une ville, mais laquelle …   Noms de famille

  • Dreyfus — [drā′fəs, drī′fəs] Alfred 1859 1935; Fr. army officer convicted of treason and imprisoned but later exonerated when proved to be the victim of anti Semitism and conspiracy …   English World dictionary

  • Dreyfus —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme.  Pour les articles homophones, voir Dreyfuss et Dreifuss. Personnes Dreyfus est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Auguste… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.